There are many different types of internal and external parasites, which can effect animals, but there are simple preventative measures, which can be taken. The majority of parasites are transmitted directly from infected animals, from the consumption of infested faeces, a dirty environment, or a poor diet.
PreventionIt is highly important to keep the environment clean and hygienic, by regularly vacuuming, removing of faeces, and regular grooming is important for early detection of external parasites.
It is vital to keep animals up to date with their anti-parasite treatments. These tend to come in the form of a liquid 'spot-on' treatment, which applied on the skin at the back of the neck, to repel external parasites. Veterinary prescribed 'spot-on' also prevents worms. Other worming treatments come in the form of a powder, tablet or liquid, which can be orally administered, or mixed in with their food.
If parasites are detected, the entire environment must be treated.
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Symptoms are variable, dependant on the location of the parasites.
External parasites are sometimes visible to humans, and tend to irritate the skin, making it red and inflamed.
Internal parasites can cause vomiting, diarrhoea and a bloated appearance, when within the digestive system, but also difficulty in breathing and coughing, when inside the respiratory system.